Creating a Plasma Theme Quickstart
A feature of Plasma is the ability to theme desktop elements using Scalable Vector Graphics (SVGs). This means there is no need for theme authors to know C++ or any other programming language to create a great looking theme. They need only use common graphics tools many are already familiar with (e.g. Krita, Inkscape, The GIMP, etc.). Depending on your prowess with such tools, a great looking Plasma theme can be created in under an hour.
If you prefer video explanation, an alternative video tutorial is also available.
See also Plasma Theme Details.
Creating a Plasma Theme in 7 Easy Steps
- Copy and rename an existing Plasma theme folder. The new folder name should
be the name of the theme. Installed themes are stored in
share/plasma/desktoptheme/in either your user's
.localdirectory or your Plasma installation directory. You can also find Plasma Themes on the KDE Store. Edit the
metadata.desktopfile in the theme folder to match your theme name. See Theme Details if you need help.
# Create theme directory in home if it doesn't exist mkdir -p ~/.local/share/plasma/desktoptheme # Copy default theme to home directory so we can modify it cp -r /usr/share/plasma/desktoptheme/default ~/.local/share/plasma/desktoptheme/ # Rename theme cd ~/.local/share/plasma/desktoptheme mv ./default ./mytheme # Edit metadata.desktop with new name cd ./mytheme kwriteconfig5 --file="$PWD/metadata.desktop" --group="Desktop Entry" --key="X-KDE-PluginInfo-Name" "mytheme" kwriteconfig5 --file="$PWD/metadata.desktop" --group="Desktop Entry" --key="Name" "My Theme" # Remove wrong translations (Name[fr]=Breeze) sed -i '/^Name\[/ d' ./metadata.desktop sed -i '/^Comment\[/ d' ./metadata.desktop
defaulttheme is the base
Breezetheme with all the default SVGs.
breeze-darkonly has a
colorsfile and inherits everything else from the
Open the SVG file associated with the Plasma element you would like to theme (panel background, clock, etc.) in an SVG editor (e.g. Inkscape). See Current Theme Elements if you need help understand what each SVG file does.
Each SVG file may have several elements (e.g. objects with element id =
ClockFace, etc.). Modify existing elements OR delete and create replacement elements. Elements can be any SVG primitive or object group.
HintYou can embed raster images as SVG elements if you creatively prefer raster editors like Krita, the GIMP, etc. Remember to embed, instead of link, each image (inkscape: effects->images->embed all images).
To make renaming of the theme elements easier is possible to use an Inkscape extension located at this address.
Check to make sure that the element id for each new element is correctly set.
HintIn Inkscape you can check the element id for each object by right-clicking on the object and choosing Object Properties.
Add or remove any hint element you desire. It doesn't matter how these look, just that objects with the element ids matching the hint elements either exist or don't exist. See Backgrounds format for a description of available hint elements.
Save the SVG file.
Repeat steps 3 - 6 for any other Plasma element for which you would like to create a new theme.
Testing the Theme
If you have not already done so, copy your new theme folder to the
share/plasma/desktopthemedirectory in either your user's
.localfolder or your Plasma install folder.
Choose the theme from the System Settings > Workspace Theme > Plasma Theme dialog (may require Plasma restart) or edit your
~/.config/plasmarcto point to the new theme.
Carefully check the appearance of all new theme elements.
If you created separate non-composite themes (SVGs in the
opaque/folder), remember to test your theme with compositing (Desktop Effects) turned off (with KWin toggle with
When you update the theme, you need to battle with Plasma's caching. So to make sure to run the latest version of your theme code, after updating it first clear the cache, by calling on a console:
rm .cache/plasma* -R
Then restart the Plasma Shell by calling e.g. in krunner
You can provide a Plasma color scheme that will allow text, selected backgrounds and other items to blend well with your theme by supplying a colors file in your theme folder. See the colors file in the default theme for an example.
If the colors file is omitted, Plasma will take on the current Plasma system colors. Note: Theme SVGs will not be colorized unless they contain the
Hints and Tips
Even a pixel or two out of place can make a difference over hours of use. It may not be obvious at first glance but the user may intuitively pick up that something is just 'not right' and give up using your theme.
In Inkscape, turn off stroke scaling when objects are resized. Inkscape may default to scaling the stroke of an object when changing its size. This may show up in the rendered Plasma theme as thin, barely-there, lines you can't seem to get rid of.
If you prefer raster editors like Krita and GIMP, create your particular theme in these programs first, then import them into Inkscape (drag and drop of the files works fine). If you're working on a background with multiple elements, like
widgets/background.svg, crop the raster image into the different elements (top, bottom, right, etc.) and save as separate files before importing into Inkscape.
Don't forget to embed imported raster images. By default Inkscape will import these as linked images which will not show up in Plasma (to embed the images, go to Effects > Images > Embed All Images).
Remember that the border elements of backgrounds (
left) are tiled if the
hint-stretch-borderselement is not present in the SVG.
Remember that the center element of backgrounds are stretched if the hint-tile center element is not present in the SVG.
To control how much colorization will be applied by Plasma when using the
hint-apply-color-schemeelement, make sure the color (HSV) Value/Intensity is closer to
255for less colorization, and closer to
127for more colorization. So, for example, to keep shadows from being colorized, use color (HSV) Value/Intesity of
When testing the theme, if it looks like portions of a multi-element SVG is missing (missing borders, etc.) check the SVG again to make sure the element ids are correct.
Do not use more advanced SVG features since they will not be rendered properly. If you want to add blur or something similar, consider pre-rendering to PNG, and then import the PNG into the final SVG file.
Perform this quick sanity check for background SVGs to help troubleshoot annoying lines and gaps between elements:
toprightelements should have the same height
bottomrightelements should have the same width
bottomrightelements should have the same height
bottomleftelements should have the same width